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Archibald Gordon

Police Efficiency vs Police Action

By | CMU News

Police action is oftentimes taken for police efficiency not only by members of the public but also by some members of the force who readily highlight outputs but not outcomes. This mistake will be made because of the absence of factors and criteria relating to the test for police efficiency. In the absence of these factors and criteria which are needed to measure police efficiency, we will have to rely on the authority from credible sources as we would with Pythagoras and mathematics, Oxford and the English language, Newton and Physics, and Maslow and motivation. In the case of police efficiency, an extremely credible source on the subject comes to us from Sir Robert Peel a former Commissioner of police of the London Metropolitan Police Force. According to Peel, the test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder and not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with it.

 Favour is found with Peel’s criteria for testing police efficiency as it is consistent with the objectives of any sensible police force which is to prevent crime and disorder and maintain peace. Where these objectives are not being achieved, both the police and the citizens will shift their attention from measurable outcomes to wishful thinking. It is through this wishful thinking that failure to achieve police efficiency is overlooked for visible policing actions, which have been tested time and time again without achieving desired outcomes. Placing a policeman at every intersection in the corporate area would look good, but it would not necessarily create police efficiency it may cause more chaos and congestion than if we allow the traffic lights to work on their own. Having joint operations with the military and the police without clear and achievable objectives will not achieve police efficiency. Establishing zones of special operations and states of public emergency just to satisfy the wishful thinking of the public will not achieve police efficiency. Police efficiency will only be achieved when crime and disorder are brought under control and not when visible evidence is seen of police action in trying to deal with it.

The police must now begin with the end in mind which is to remove crime and disorder from society. They will not be able to eradicate crime but at least, bring it to a manageable and tolerable level. The police must understand the difference between police action “inputs ” and police efficiency ” outcomes “. Based on our present circumstances we could begin with strategic leadership which is a type of leadership with a long-term vision for the organization but also have a short-term focus on the contemporary challenges of the country as it relates to crime and disorder.  This leadership should be prepared to identify, prioritize, and solve those challenges. This strategic leadership must be drilled down to the lower levels of the organization where managers and supervisors are given the requisite authority and responsibility and are held accountable for achieving the objectives of the force. They must hold those under their command similarly accountable. Strategic leadership must be built solidly on a foundation of performance management where failure and mediocrity are not options. If the force accepts failure for any reason, it will never achieve police efficiency based on the criteria set out by Sir Robert Peel.

This is the first of a two-part article. In part #2 we will look at how to achieve police efficiency in a changing and dynamic society.


Assan Thompson is a retired Assistant Commissioner of Police who is the Head of Department for the Centre for Security, Counter Terrorism and Non-Proliferation at the Caribbean Maritime University.  He holds a Masters Degree in National Security and Strategic Studies from the University of the West Indies, Mona.  He lectures extensively in the area of Security Studies.


By | Announcements, CMU News

Kingston, Jamaica – The Caribbean Maritime University has received an additional twenty (20) laptops from the American Caribbean Maritime Foundation (ACMF) in keeping with its mandate to provide access to maritime education. This comes after the ACMF’s donation of eighteen (18) laptops to the CMU in October 2020.

“With the blended modality of learning still in place at the CMU, we are elated that even more students will be able to access online classes,” Professor Noel Brown, Vice President of Academic Affairs and Accreditation, commented at a handover ceremony on Thursday, May 26, 2022. Professor Brown highlighted that roughly 19% of the student population is unable to participate in online classes or complete assignments and examinations.

CEO of the ACMF, Dr. Geneive Brown Metzger underscored the importance of this longstanding “academic partnership” between the two entities, as the ACMF is committed to the vision of the CMU to educate a cadre of maritime professionals who are vital to the global supply chain. The strong partnership between the ACMF and the CMU has seen students benefitting from millions of dollars in scholarships and donations, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

“We understand the challenges that students continue to have because of the disruption caused by the pandemic, and we hope these laptops will help meet some of those needs. Thanks to MSC Cruises, who made the donation of the laptops possible,” Dr. Brown Metzger stated.

The ACMF’s continued contribution to the CMU was reiterated by Professor Ibrahim Ajagunna, Deputy President, and Dr. Eron McLean, Vice President of Planning and Development who were also in attendance at the handover event. Dr. McLean, speaking on the donation said, “a laptop is a basic tool every student needs, but not everyone has. It is a worthy contribution.”

Also, on hand at the ceremony, was Marina Anselme, Secretary-General of the MSC Foundation located in Switzerland, a donor to the ACMF. Ms. Anselme expressed her gratitude for being a part of this venture, stating, “We believe in inclusive education which leads to purpose fulfillment. We want to ensure we are outputting responsible citizens, especially those who will contribute significantly to the blue planet.”

The laptops will be loaned to students who are disadvantaged and are available at the school’s library facility as the CMU continues to anticipate and find solutions to student needs.

Arizona State University team visits the CMU to discuss possible collaboration

By | CMU News
A two-member team from Arizona State University in the United States visited the CMU on Monday, November 15, 2021, for about two hours to discuss possible collaboration between the ASU and the CMU. The visit is part of work being done by the CMU Office of Digital Transformation in collaboration with several CMU units such as the Faculty of Engineering, the Centre for Security, Counter-Terrorism and Non-Proliferation, CSCTN, and the Centre for Digital Innovation and Advanced Manufacturing, CDIAM.
The ASU is rated number one in the United States in terms of innovation and the team came to discuss ways in which the two universities could possibly collaborate on digital innovation and cyber security projects.

New Interim CMU President earns Professor Emeritus title

By | CMU News, Uncategorized

The interim President of the Caribbean Maritime University Professor Evan W. Duggan is being conferred with the title of Professor Emeritus by the University of the West Indies.

The UWI, which made the announcement recently, has also approved recommendations to confer the title of ‘Emeritus’ on UWI Professor of Supramolecular Chemistry, Ishenkumba Kahwa.

The ‘Emeritus’ designation generally allows former office-holders of The UWI to retain their titles of ‘Professor’ after retirement.

Professor Duggan officially joined the CMU on June 1 of this year.


Professor Duggan officially concluded his time at the University of the West Indies on July 31, 2014 upon retirement. After having served for two (2) years as Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, he continued his Deanship on two consecutive post-retirement contracts, until 2016. Professor Duggan served the University of the West Indies for a total of ten years, having been with the Department of Management Studies (now the Mona School of Business and Management) as a Professor since 2006.

He began his career in industry with Alcan, Jamaica where he attained the highest level in the Information Systems (IS) field, equivalent to today’s Chief Information Officer. This was followed by an outstanding career in academia, first with the University of Alabama and then with The University of the West Indies. His impact, in terms of teaching and learning, at The UWI was felt even before he was appointed to a full-time position as he would visit Jamaica to lecture in the Masters programme in Computer-Based Management Information Systems. The students always spoke highly of his teaching skills and, perhaps more importantly, of his interest in ensuring that they succeeded in their academic endeavours. These qualities remained with him throughout his career at The UWI. In 2005, while on sabbatical leave from the University of Alabama, he was appointed visiting professor for one year; he never left as he took on a permanent position as a Professor of Management Information Systems in 2006. His impact was immediate and lasting.

Professor Duggan played an integral role in the design, implementation and management of the PhD in Information Systems programme. This programme, at the time, was novel to UWI in terms of its design, as it was structured to have a two-year taught component followed by a dissertation. It was also a one-time delivery for a core of students and intended to increase expertise in the then new field of information systems. The limited expertise in the field locally also gave rise to a key component of the success of the programme – the participation of overseas academics, some of whom were members of the diaspora, in the supervision of students.

The success of the programme can, in large part, be attributed to Prof Duggan; not only did he supervise or sit on the supervisory committee for several students but, importantly, it was his networking skills that won the commitment of international scholars. The success of the programme can be measured by the students’ completion rate, their research output, the number of the graduates of the programme who are now key members of the academic community of UWI and the continued support given, in various ways, by some of the supervisors. The same structure was later used for the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) programme and again Professor Duggan was not only integral in its conception, in terms of its design and approval, but also in the teaching and supervision of students. No matter their level, his interest in and mentorship of students has been exemplary.

During his time as Professor of Management Information Systems, he took on substantial administrative roles. By 2007, he was the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research for the Faculty of Social Sciences. In 2008, he was appointed Executive Director of the Mona School of Business and Management (MSBM), an appointment which lasted for four years.

While at Mona School of Business and Management, Professor Duggan worked assiduously to improve the image of the School. He was instrumental in gaining Association of MBA’s (AMBA) accreditation for the Master of Business Administration programme in 2011. AMBA describes its accreditation as the highest standard in Postgraduate Business Education and it is recognised internationally as the global standard for all Master of Business Administration, Master in Business Management and Doctor of Business Administration programmes.

Professor Duggan has supervised seven doctoral students to completion between 2009 and 2016, with several others in process and served on the dissertation committees of over fifteen others. He has also taught a variety of courses including the Research Process, Decision Sciences, Information Systems Management, Information Technology and Business Strategy, Information Technology, Governance, Operations Management, Electronic Commerce, Database Management, Systems Analysis and Design, Software Development and Statistical Analysis.

He established the Professional Services Unit (PSU) with the objective of diversifying the revenue streams of the School thereby placing less reliance on graduate degree tuition fees. This Unit has been extremely successful in fulfilling this mandate through executive education, customised training and management consulting. The Unit has also strengthened relationships between Mona School of Business and Management and, by extension the wider University, and the business community. He also established the Centre of Excellence (CoE) for IT-enabled innovation. The work of this unit has also built relationships with the business 3 community locally and internationally and has been at the forefront of advocacy and research in Open Development approaches. He is a founding member of the Caribbean Open Institute – the regional hub in the global Open Data for Development Network.

In addition to these administrative roles in the School and Faculty, Professor Duggan served the wider UWI community. This service included: Academic Board Representative to the University Senate (2012- 2016), Member of the University Council (2011-2016), Member of the Board of Directors of Universal Media Company (NewsTalk 93FM), Member of the Mona Campus Council (2008-2016), Member of the Finance and General-Purpose Committee (F&GPC) (2011-2016), Member of the Advisory Board for the Centre for Tourism and Policy Research (2010-2016), UWI-Mona representative on the Steering Committee to Establish the UWI Competitiveness Centre (2010- 2013),UWI representative on the CARICOM ICT Sub-committee on ICT Statistics (2007-2012) and a Member of the Campus Committee for Graduate Studies (2007-2008).

His international academic reputation is based on his outstanding research and publications record. This is further demonstrated by his appointments to the editorial boards of several international journals and his ability to network with international scholars in the field of Information Systems and their willingness to support and contribute to his initiatives for example the delivery of the PhD in Information System and Doctor of Business Administration programmes.

Professor Duggan’s stellar performance did not go unnoticed. His research output includes one refereed book, eight book chapters, twenty journal articles and over twenty refereed conference proceedings as well as other non-refereed publications. It should be noted that Information Systems conference proceedings are most often refereed and acceptance is based on the submission of a full paper. His research expertise has also been recognised locally as he was involved in the preparation of a significant report entitled “E-Powering Jamaica: The National ICT Strategic Plan 2007-2012” for the Government of Jamaica’s Central Information Technology Office (CITO), Ministry of Industry, Technology, Energy and Commerce. Professor Duggan also received a number of Faculty of Social Sciences Research Awards including:

• Best Research Publication (2018)
• Research Project Attracting The Most Research Funds (2018) 4
• Principal’s Award for the Project with the Greatest Multidisciplinary Cross Faculty Collaboration (2015); and
• Research Project with the Greatest Business/Economic/Development Impact (2013).

His positions on the editorial boards of recognised international journals include:
• Associate Editor, Communications of the Association for Information Systems
• Section Editor, African Journal of Information Systems
• Editorial Advisory Board Member, Journal of Organizational and End User Computing
• Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Information Technology Project Management • Global Editorial Advisory Review Board Member, Idea Group Inc. Publishing Company
• International Editorial Review Board Member, Advances in End User Computing (Book Series)

He has also reviewed manuscripts for a number of other international journals on an ad hoc basis.

His contribution in terms of the criterion public service has been significant. He has sat on a number of boards including National Commercial Bank Insurance Company (NBCIC) (2013-2016), Jamaica Public Service Company (2012-2015), Jamaica Diaspora Foundation (2009-2016), UWI Solutions for Developing Countries (UWISODECO) (2012- ) and the Caribbean Policy Research Institute (CAPRI) (2013-2016). He was Chairman of the Board of Directors for both eGOV Jamaica Ltd (2013-2016) and is currently the chairman of SynCon Technologies Ltd, a position he has held since 2008. He was a member of the Board of Trustees and a Faculty and Research Affiliate of the ICT University (a US-based institution providing quality ICT and human capacity development specifically targeted for Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia (2011), a member of the Governing Council of National Commercial Bank’s Corporate Learning Campus (2008-2016), and a member of CARICOM Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) subcommittee on ICT Statistics (2007-2012). His exemplary service to local and international development has elevated the profile of The UWI and helped to strengthen relationships with the business community.

Professor Evan Duggan’s outstanding contributions to University life in a variety of spheres have included the areas of teaching and learning, administration, research and publications and public service make him an excellent candidate for this designation. Based on his outstanding performances in all aspects of his professional career, the title of “Professor Emeritus” was conferred upon him by The UWI, Mona.




By | CMU News, Uncategorized

The Caribbean Maritime University is re-engineering its annual Sports Day activities as the CMU supports the country’s push to develop traditional as well as non-traditional sports ahead of the Tokyo Olympics set to take place later this year.

“For us at the CMU, sports is not just about physical activity,” says Director of Student Affairs, Donnet Phillips. “We want to underscore its role not just in the development of individuals but in Jamaica’s development,” she says.

Ms. Phillips explains that “this year the CMU is pushing the agenda far beyond simply having a day of competition as we traditionally do.” Instead of the usual one day event, the CMU has designed a Weekend of Activities to begin on March 13, 2020 at Stadium East in Kingston. That day of competition – which begins at 9 in the morning – will see CMU students and staff participating in track and field events as well as non-traditional sports such as cheerleading.

“When one considers that the CMU is leading the national effort in areas such as fencing, cheerleading and rowing,” says Acting CMU President Dr. Ibrahim Ajagunna, “it is imperative that we expose our students to a high standard sporting event while ensuring that this is done in a cost-effective manner.”

Ms. Phillips adds that the CMU wants to highlight the fact sportsmen and women have a lot to contribute to the nation’s development. “That’s why the next two days on the Sports Weekend calendar are dedicating to supporting other organisations, using sports as a catalyst,” she explains.

On Saturday March 14, 2020, CMU sportswomen and sportsmen as well as students and staff will take part in a charity event to give back to an organisation in need in Kingston. On Sunday March 15, 2020 CMU staff and students will partner with the Kingston City Run with students serving as event marshals and members of the university also taking part in the run itself.

Pointing to the Jamaica Moves initiative, Ms. Phillips says the CMU “views this approach as an opportunity not just to serve the community but, in our own small, way, to support an event that is really about celebrating the vital importance of sports to the nation’s development.”


CMU Deputy President to be conferred with PM’s Medal of Appreciation

By | CMU News

The Deputy President of the Caribbean Maritime University, Professor Ibrahim Ajagunna, is to be presented with the Prime Minister’s Medal of Appreciation for Service to Education.

The announcement came by way of a letter from the Office of the Prime Minister to Professor Ajagunna.

In the letter, Prime Minister Andrew Holness noted that the award is being made “in exercise of the powers vested in (him) by Rule 4 of the Prime Minister’s Education Awards Rules 2005.”

The Prime Minister asked that Professor Ajagunna “accept (his) warm personal congratulations” for what he termed “your well-deserved award.”

Responding to the announcement, Professor Ajagunna said he was “deeply humbled” by the recognition.

In the meantime, CMU President Professor Fritz Pinnock, himself a past recipient of the award said he was “overjoyed” to learn that his colleague was to be accorded with “this tremendous recognition” from the Office of the Prime Minister.

“Professor Ajagunna has a long and distinguished career in education,” said Professor Pinnock, adding that “Professor Ajagunna has played a critical role in the transformation of the Caribbean Maritime Institute to the Caribbean Maritime University and in seeking to fulfill the vision of cementing the CMU as the maritime university of choice for global leaders.” 

The letter notes that the award will take effect on June 23, 2019.

A notification of the award is scheduled to be published in the Jamaica Gazette.

The presentation will be made at a ceremony to be held on the Lawns of Jamaica House on Wednesday June 26, 2019.



Key CMU partner wins major award for Maritime Leadership

By | CMU News

A key partner of the Caribbean Maritime University – the President and Executive Director of the American Caribbean Maritime Foundation, ACMF, Dr. Geneive Brown Metzger has won a major award for maritime leadership.

Dr. Brown Metzger has been awarded the James Jay Dudley Luce Foundation Rear Admiral Stephen Bleecker Luce Award for Maritime Leadership.

The ACMF raises funds to support scholarships as well as infrastructure projects at the CMU.

The surprise announcement was made at the J Luce Foundation Awards gala on Thursday February 28, 2019.

Responding to the award, Dr. Brown Metzger said “The James Dudley Luce Foundation is a champion for the neediest of the needy, and I am grateful and humbled by the extraordinary acknowledgment.”

The J Luce Foundation citation presented to Dr. Brown Metzger notes that under her leadership “the AMCF has become an outstanding and effective organization dedicated to the reduction of poverty in the Caribbean in support of the Caribbean Maritime University and has resulted in visibility of the CMU in the United States, providing scholarships to deserving students.”

The citation also asserts that Dr. Brown Metzger “embodies the characteristics of honour, intelligence, benevolence and integrity.”

The award is named in honour of the late Commodore Luce, an American naval education reformer and modernizer who rose through the ranks of the US Navy during the American Civil War to establish a Naval College at Newport, Rhode Island in 1884 and the US Naval Institute in 1887, and played a vital role in establishing what is today known as SUNY Maritime College.


CMU President wins James Jay Dudley Luce Foundation Humanitarian Award

By | CMU News

Caribbean Maritime University, CMU, President Professor Fritz Pinnock has been recognized with the 2019 James Jay Dudley Luce Foundation Humanitarian award.

Professor Pinnock was one of three recipients of the award at a ceremony held at the Princeton Club in New York City in the United States on Thursday February 28, 2019.


In accepting the award Professor Pinnock said he was humbled by the recognition and remains driven to serve Jamaica.

The citation from the J Luce Foundation highlights that Professor Pinnock has “dedicated his life to uplifting Jamaican youth, transitioning from several years in the shipping industry to first lecturer then Executive Director of the Caribbean Maritime Institute to today serving as President of what he has grown into the world-renown Caribbean Maritime University.”

It also notes that the CMU has grown from 30 students in 1980, to 300 in 2007 to over 6,000.

The award comes in the wake of a partnership between the J Luce Foundation and the CMU which has seen the creation of the The Luce Leadership Centre at the CMU.

The two co-directors of the Luce Leadership Centre at the CMU – Romaine Wallace and Roberto Bennett – were also recognized for their work along with Dr. Abigail Pinnock who was among recipients of the 2018/2019 Luce Leadership awards.

The Centre has been developed to support the students on campus in Kingston, as well as for Young Global Leaders (YGLs) online around the world, with emphasis on Honor, Intelligence, Integrity, Benevolence, and Stewardship.

Professor Pinnock holds a Doctor of Philosophy in Sustainable Cruise Tourism from the University of the West, Mona Campus; an MSc. in International Shipping and Logistics from the University of Plymouth, United Kingdom, and a BSc. (Hons.) in Economics and Accounting (Management Studies) from the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus.

He is an International Maritime Consultant who has worked on numerous projects for a range of governments and international agencies and organizations.


Implications of the US Withdrawal from the INF Treaty:  Is Arms Control Dead?

By | CMU News

Implications of the US Withdrawal from the INF Treaty:  Is Arms Control Dead?

The February 1 announcement by United Sates’ Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, that the U.S. would suspend its compliance with its obligations under the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) because of Russian violations brought echoes of a similar announcement almost twelve years ago.  On July 14, 2007, it was the Government of the Russian Federation that declared its intention to suspend its participation in the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE), citing violations by the U.S. and its NATO partners and their refusal to ratify the Adapted CFE.  One month before, at an Extraordinary Conference on the CFE at the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna, Austria, the meeting place of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), then, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Alexander Grushko had warned the gathered diplomats that the CFE Treaty was growing increasingly out of step with military-political realities which threatened its demise.  Six months later, Russia halted its compliance with the CFE, and, in 2015, permanently ceased participation in the landmark arms control agreement.

The fate of these two Treaties, which was preceded by U.S. withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Nuclear Treaty in 2002, does not bode well for the future of the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), signed in 2010, and which limits strategic nuclear weapons.  Nor does it offer any optimism for the future of arms control in general. Rather, arms control seems to be on a precipitous trajectory that is being driven as much by geopolitical developments as technological advancements that have blurred the lines between conventional and nuclear weapons, threatening the start of a new arms race.

Signed during the waning years of the Cold War—the INF, in 1987 and the CFE, in 1990—the two Treaties have been referred to as the “Cornerstone of European Security”, reflecting the contributions of both instruments to security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic sphere.   Both Treaties, in effect, limit military armaments on the European continent, thus, reducing the possibility of large-scale military conflicts.  While the INF Treaty constrains the deployment of short and intermediate-range, nuclear and conventional ballistic and cruise missiles that are land-based,[1]the CFE Treaty addresses conventional armed forces.

The INF Treaty was agreed upon in 1987 by then U.S. President Ronald Reagan and the then President of the former Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev.  It prohibits the deployment of “land-based” missiles of 500 and 5,500 kilometres in Europe, (but not air and sea-based missiles) on the parts of the Russian Federation and the United States.  Since coming into force, it has seen the reduction of 2,692 short and intermediate range ballistic missiles that are ground based. [2]

Signed between the former Warsaw Pact countries and members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), the original CFE Treaty came into force in 1990.  The Treaty reduced conventional armed forces, both personnel and certain categories of military weapons on the European Continent.  In effect, the Treaty and saw the destruction of more than 70,000 pieces of Treaty-limited equipment, eliminated excess war-making capacity in Europe, and established a military parity between the two blocks.  By restricting the movement of arms and personnel in specific geographic locations, the CFE prevented destabilizing build ups that could lead to surprise, military attacks in Europe.

When Russia announced its withdrawal from the CFE in 2007, NATO’s membership had expanded from the sixteen that signed the original CFE to include several states from the former Soviet Block “East of Vienna”. In announcing its withdrawal from the CFE, Russia protested that: NATO member States had not ratified the Adapted-CFE(Russia had); the Baltic States, as new NATO members, had neither ratified the original CFE nor the Adapted-CFE, thus,  NATO’s force ceilings exceeded the levels agreed under the CFE; and NATO’s refusal to ratify the Adapted-CFE until Russia withdrew its military presence from Georgia and Moldova represented an artificial linkage to the CFE.  Russia also argued that the planned U.S. missile defense systems in Central Europe and an early warning radar for Southeastern Europe violated regional arms control norms and posed a threat to Russian security.  The U.S. demurred, justifying the need for the missile defense capabilities in Europe on Iran’s advancement in developing ballistic missile capabilities.

In Russia’s present-day assessment, the increasing vulnerabilities engendered by NATO’s eastward expansion have devalued the security benefits of both the INF and the CFE given geopolitical and technological developments.  Similarly, NATO’s decision to base missile defense components in Europe has been cited by Russia in its charges of Treaty violations with regards to both the CFE and the INF.  While the U.S. and its NATO partners are numerically advantaged vis a vis Russia in the air and sea-based intermediate-range missiles, not barred by the INF, China, a key U.S. adversary, is not a party to the INF Treaty and has already amassed longer-range stockpiles of the missiles prohibited by the INF that have been judged to possess both nuclear and conventional capabilities.  U.S. withdrawal from the INF, therefore, provides cover for Russia to scale up production and deployment of the 9M729 cruise missile, which the U.S believes to be capable of delivering both conventional and nuclear warheads and of traveling over the 500 kilometres limit set by the INF.  Russia denies this is so.

Should the U.S. follow up on its withdrawal from the INF and place the treaty-prohibited weapons in Europe, Russia could reciprocate by installing such missiles at geographic proximities that would leave U.S. allies on the Continent more discomforted.  Russia, could, for example use Kaliningrad, on NATO’s doorsteps, as one of its bases in response for the use of Polish territory for basing NATO missile defense components.  With the Trump Administration showing no interest in further negotiations on confidence-building and verifications, and China unrestrained by the Treaty, arms control seems destined for expiration as Europe does little more than hand-wringing in response.

[1]Arms Control Association, February 2, 2019

[2]Arms Control Association, Issue Brief, Volume 11, Issue 4, February 1, 2019

Winsome Packer presently serves as Coordinator for Counter Terrorism and Nonproliferation Studies at the Caribbean Maritime University in Kingston, Jamaica.

CMU promoting non-traditional sports

By | Uncategorized

Fresh on the heels of a recently announced partnership between the Caribbean Maritime University, CMU, and the Jamaica Olympic Association, JOA, to promote non-traditional sports in Jamaica, the CMU, will on Thursday February 28, 2019, host its inaugural Wine and Cheese Sports Awards.

The CMU Sports Awards ceremony, which begins at 6pm, will be an elegant affair hosted by Nigerian High Commissioner Her Excellency Janet Omoleegho Olisa and His Excellency Dada Olisa. An estimated 700 guests are expected to be in attendance including students, government officials, dignitaries and representatives of local media houses.

The highlight of the function will be the Professor Fritz Pinnock Award for the Most Outstanding Athlete. This will be awarded to an athlete who has demonstrated excellence both academically and in sports.

The Most Valuable Player of the Year will recognise athletes who have demonstrated exceptional individual performance, leadership by example, good attitude and sportsmanship qualities and the ability to make an instant impact when given an opportunity.

The Breakthrough Player of the Year award will recognise a player who has demonstrated significant improvement over the year in their sporting discipline including perseverance, dedication toward improving and working on their weaknesses and an excellent attitude towards their teammates and the overall action of play (match or training situation.

Director of Student Affairs at the CMU, Ms. Donnet Phillips explains that “the University will use the Wine and Cheese Sports Awards to bring recognition to our sporting teams and celebrate their achievements.  Additionally, we are keen to provide our students with opportunities to experience how sports can be tied to professionalism and sophistication.”

For his part CMU President Professor Fritz Pinnock notes that for the CMU “promoting sports is strategic as the skills of the 21stcentury are not on the curriculum of universities. Therefore, the CMU is now positioning sports as part of the holistic development of an individual – teaching team building, developing cohesiveness, and networking.”

CMU officials point out that The Future of Jobs Report published by the World Economic Forum highlights that in 2020, five of the 10 top skills that are important in the workforce include complex problem solving, critical thinking, creativity, people management and coordinating with others. They argue that sporting activities embody these ideals.

In addition to celebrating and highlighting the achievements of student athletes who have excelled in their sporting disciplines at the Wine and Cheese Sports Awards Ceremony, the CMU will use the event to garner support and partnerships for the CMU’s sports programme, with the aim of enabling the teams to meet their goal of making the University one of the top sporting institutions in the region.

Tickets are still available at a discounted rate of $1000 for students and $4000 for others. Interested persons may call the Office of Student Affairs at the CMU through the switchboard at 876-924-8150.