The interim President of the Caribbean Maritime University Professor Evan W. Duggan is being conferred with the title of Professor Emeritus by the University of the West Indies.
The UWI, which made the announcement recently, has also approved recommendations to confer the title of ‘Emeritus’ on UWI Professor of Supramolecular Chemistry, Ishenkumba Kahwa.
The ‘Emeritus’ designation generally allows former office-holders of The UWI to retain their titles of ‘Professor’ after retirement.
Professor Duggan officially joined the CMU on June 1 of this year.
Professor Duggan officially concluded his time at the University of the West Indies on July 31, 2014 upon retirement. After having served for two (2) years as Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, he continued his Deanship on two consecutive post-retirement contracts, until 2016. Professor Duggan served the University of the West Indies for a total of ten years, having been with the Department of Management Studies (now the Mona School of Business and Management) as a Professor since 2006.
He began his career in industry with Alcan, Jamaica where he attained the highest level in the Information Systems (IS) field, equivalent to today’s Chief Information Officer. This was followed by an outstanding career in academia, first with the University of Alabama and then with The University of the West Indies. His impact, in terms of teaching and learning, at The UWI was felt even before he was appointed to a full-time position as he would visit Jamaica to lecture in the Masters programme in Computer-Based Management Information Systems. The students always spoke highly of his teaching skills and, perhaps more importantly, of his interest in ensuring that they succeeded in their academic endeavours. These qualities remained with him throughout his career at The UWI. In 2005, while on sabbatical leave from the University of Alabama, he was appointed visiting professor for one year; he never left as he took on a permanent position as a Professor of Management Information Systems in 2006. His impact was immediate and lasting.
Professor Duggan played an integral role in the design, implementation and management of the PhD in Information Systems programme. This programme, at the time, was novel to UWI in terms of its design, as it was structured to have a two-year taught component followed by a dissertation. It was also a one-time delivery for a core of students and intended to increase expertise in the then new field of information systems. The limited expertise in the field locally also gave rise to a key component of the success of the programme – the participation of overseas academics, some of whom were members of the diaspora, in the supervision of students.
The success of the programme can, in large part, be attributed to Prof Duggan; not only did he supervise or sit on the supervisory committee for several students but, importantly, it was his networking skills that won the commitment of international scholars. The success of the programme can be measured by the students’ completion rate, their research output, the number of the graduates of the programme who are now key members of the academic community of UWI and the continued support given, in various ways, by some of the supervisors. The same structure was later used for the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) programme and again Professor Duggan was not only integral in its conception, in terms of its design and approval, but also in the teaching and supervision of students. No matter their level, his interest in and mentorship of students has been exemplary.
During his time as Professor of Management Information Systems, he took on substantial administrative roles. By 2007, he was the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research for the Faculty of Social Sciences. In 2008, he was appointed Executive Director of the Mona School of Business and Management (MSBM), an appointment which lasted for four years.
While at Mona School of Business and Management, Professor Duggan worked assiduously to improve the image of the School. He was instrumental in gaining Association of MBA’s (AMBA) accreditation for the Master of Business Administration programme in 2011. AMBA describes its accreditation as the highest standard in Postgraduate Business Education and it is recognised internationally as the global standard for all Master of Business Administration, Master in Business Management and Doctor of Business Administration programmes.
Professor Duggan has supervised seven doctoral students to completion between 2009 and 2016, with several others in process and served on the dissertation committees of over fifteen others. He has also taught a variety of courses including the Research Process, Decision Sciences, Information Systems Management, Information Technology and Business Strategy, Information Technology, Governance, Operations Management, Electronic Commerce, Database Management, Systems Analysis and Design, Software Development and Statistical Analysis.
He established the Professional Services Unit (PSU) with the objective of diversifying the revenue streams of the School thereby placing less reliance on graduate degree tuition fees. This Unit has been extremely successful in fulfilling this mandate through executive education, customised training and management consulting. The Unit has also strengthened relationships between Mona School of Business and Management and, by extension the wider University, and the business community. He also established the Centre of Excellence (CoE) for IT-enabled innovation. The work of this unit has also built relationships with the business 3 community locally and internationally and has been at the forefront of advocacy and research in Open Development approaches. He is a founding member of the Caribbean Open Institute – the regional hub in the global Open Data for Development Network.
In addition to these administrative roles in the School and Faculty, Professor Duggan served the wider UWI community. This service included: Academic Board Representative to the University Senate (2012- 2016), Member of the University Council (2011-2016), Member of the Board of Directors of Universal Media Company (NewsTalk 93FM), Member of the Mona Campus Council (2008-2016), Member of the Finance and General-Purpose Committee (F&GPC) (2011-2016), Member of the Advisory Board for the Centre for Tourism and Policy Research (2010-2016), UWI-Mona representative on the Steering Committee to Establish the UWI Competitiveness Centre (2010- 2013),UWI representative on the CARICOM ICT Sub-committee on ICT Statistics (2007-2012) and a Member of the Campus Committee for Graduate Studies (2007-2008).
His international academic reputation is based on his outstanding research and publications record. This is further demonstrated by his appointments to the editorial boards of several international journals and his ability to network with international scholars in the field of Information Systems and their willingness to support and contribute to his initiatives for example the delivery of the PhD in Information System and Doctor of Business Administration programmes.
Professor Duggan’s stellar performance did not go unnoticed. His research output includes one refereed book, eight book chapters, twenty journal articles and over twenty refereed conference proceedings as well as other non-refereed publications. It should be noted that Information Systems conference proceedings are most often refereed and acceptance is based on the submission of a full paper. His research expertise has also been recognised locally as he was involved in the preparation of a significant report entitled “E-Powering Jamaica: The National ICT Strategic Plan 2007-2012” for the Government of Jamaica’s Central Information Technology Office (CITO), Ministry of Industry, Technology, Energy and Commerce. Professor Duggan also received a number of Faculty of Social Sciences Research Awards including:
• Best Research Publication (2018)
• Research Project Attracting The Most Research Funds (2018) 4
• Principal’s Award for the Project with the Greatest Multidisciplinary Cross Faculty Collaboration (2015); and
• Research Project with the Greatest Business/Economic/Development Impact (2013).
His positions on the editorial boards of recognised international journals include:
• Associate Editor, Communications of the Association for Information Systems
• Section Editor, African Journal of Information Systems
• Editorial Advisory Board Member, Journal of Organizational and End User Computing
• Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Information Technology Project Management • Global Editorial Advisory Review Board Member, Idea Group Inc. Publishing Company
• International Editorial Review Board Member, Advances in End User Computing (Book Series)
He has also reviewed manuscripts for a number of other international journals on an ad hoc basis.
His contribution in terms of the criterion public service has been significant. He has sat on a number of boards including National Commercial Bank Insurance Company (NBCIC) (2013-2016), Jamaica Public Service Company (2012-2015), Jamaica Diaspora Foundation (2009-2016), UWI Solutions for Developing Countries (UWISODECO) (2012- ) and the Caribbean Policy Research Institute (CAPRI) (2013-2016). He was Chairman of the Board of Directors for both eGOV Jamaica Ltd (2013-2016) and is currently the chairman of SynCon Technologies Ltd, a position he has held since 2008. He was a member of the Board of Trustees and a Faculty and Research Affiliate of the ICT University (a US-based institution providing quality ICT and human capacity development specifically targeted for Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia (2011), a member of the Governing Council of National Commercial Bank’s Corporate Learning Campus (2008-2016), and a member of CARICOM Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) subcommittee on ICT Statistics (2007-2012). His exemplary service to local and international development has elevated the profile of The UWI and helped to strengthen relationships with the business community.
Professor Evan Duggan’s outstanding contributions to University life in a variety of spheres have included the areas of teaching and learning, administration, research and publications and public service make him an excellent candidate for this designation. Based on his outstanding performances in all aspects of his professional career, the title of “Professor Emeritus” was conferred upon him by The UWI, Mona.
The Caribbean Maritime University is re-engineering its annual Sports Day activities as the CMU supports the country’s push to develop traditional as well as non-traditional sports ahead of the Tokyo Olympics set to take place later this year.
“For us at the CMU, sports is not just about physical activity,” says Director of Student Affairs, Donnet Phillips. “We want to underscore its role not just in the development of individuals but in Jamaica’s development,” she says.
Ms. Phillips explains that “this year the CMU is pushing the agenda far beyond simply having a day of competition as we traditionally do.” Instead of the usual one day event, the CMU has designed a Weekend of Activities to begin on March 13, 2020 at Stadium East in Kingston. That day of competition – which begins at 9 in the morning – will see CMU students and staff participating in track and field events as well as non-traditional sports such as cheerleading.
“When one considers that the CMU is leading the national effort in areas such as fencing, cheerleading and rowing,” says Acting CMU President Dr. Ibrahim Ajagunna, “it is imperative that we expose our students to a high standard sporting event while ensuring that this is done in a cost-effective manner.”
Ms. Phillips adds that the CMU wants to highlight the fact sportsmen and women have a lot to contribute to the nation’s development. “That’s why the next two days on the Sports Weekend calendar are dedicating to supporting other organisations, using sports as a catalyst,” she explains.
On Saturday March 14, 2020, CMU sportswomen and sportsmen as well as students and staff will take part in a charity event to give back to an organisation in need in Kingston. On Sunday March 15, 2020 CMU staff and students will partner with the Kingston City Run with students serving as event marshals and members of the university also taking part in the run itself.
Pointing to the Jamaica Moves initiative, Ms. Phillips says the CMU “views this approach as an opportunity not just to serve the community but, in our own small, way, to support an event that is really about celebrating the vital importance of sports to the nation’s development.”
The Deputy President of the Caribbean Maritime University, Professor Ibrahim Ajagunna, is to be presented with the Prime Minister’s Medal of Appreciation for Service to Education.
The announcement came by way of a letter from the Office of the Prime Minister to Professor Ajagunna.
In the letter, Prime Minister Andrew Holness noted that the award is being made “in exercise of the powers vested in (him) by Rule 4 of the Prime Minister’s Education Awards Rules 2005.”
The Prime Minister asked that Professor Ajagunna “accept (his) warm personal congratulations” for what he termed “your well-deserved award.”
Responding to the announcement, Professor Ajagunna said he was “deeply humbled” by the recognition.
In the meantime, CMU President Professor Fritz Pinnock, himself a past recipient of the award said he was “overjoyed” to learn that his colleague was to be accorded with “this tremendous recognition” from the Office of the Prime Minister.
“Professor Ajagunna has a long and distinguished career in education,” said Professor Pinnock, adding that “Professor Ajagunna has played a critical role in the transformation of the Caribbean Maritime Institute to the Caribbean Maritime University and in seeking to fulfill the vision of cementing the CMU as the maritime university of choice for global leaders.”
The letter notes that the award will take effect on June 23, 2019.
A notification of the award is scheduled to be published in the Jamaica Gazette.
The presentation will be made at a ceremony to be held on the Lawns of Jamaica House on Wednesday June 26, 2019.
A key partner of the Caribbean Maritime University – the President and Executive Director of the American Caribbean Maritime Foundation, ACMF, Dr. Geneive Brown Metzger has won a major award for maritime leadership.
Dr. Brown Metzger has been awarded the James Jay Dudley Luce Foundation Rear Admiral Stephen Bleecker Luce Award for Maritime Leadership.
The ACMF raises funds to support scholarships as well as infrastructure projects at the CMU.
The surprise announcement was made at the J Luce Foundation Awards gala on Thursday February 28, 2019.
Responding to the award, Dr. Brown Metzger said “The James Dudley Luce Foundation is a champion for the neediest of the needy, and I am grateful and humbled by the extraordinary acknowledgment.”
The J Luce Foundation citation presented to Dr. Brown Metzger notes that under her leadership “the AMCF has become an outstanding and effective organization dedicated to the reduction of poverty in the Caribbean in support of the Caribbean Maritime University and has resulted in visibility of the CMU in the United States, providing scholarships to deserving students.”
The citation also asserts that Dr. Brown Metzger “embodies the characteristics of honour, intelligence, benevolence and integrity.”
The award is named in honour of the late Commodore Luce, an American naval education reformer and modernizer who rose through the ranks of the US Navy during the American Civil War to establish a Naval College at Newport, Rhode Island in 1884 and the US Naval Institute in 1887, and played a vital role in establishing what is today known as SUNY Maritime College.
Caribbean Maritime University, CMU, President Professor Fritz Pinnock has been recognized with the 2019 James Jay Dudley Luce Foundation Humanitarian award.
Professor Pinnock was one of three recipients of the award at a ceremony held at the Princeton Club in New York City in the United States on Thursday February 28, 2019.
In accepting the award Professor Pinnock said he was humbled by the recognition and remains driven to serve Jamaica.
The citation from the J Luce Foundation highlights that Professor Pinnock has “dedicated his life to uplifting Jamaican youth, transitioning from several years in the shipping industry to first lecturer then Executive Director of the Caribbean Maritime Institute to today serving as President of what he has grown into the world-renown Caribbean Maritime University.”
It also notes that the CMU has grown from 30 students in 1980, to 300 in 2007 to over 6,000.
The award comes in the wake of a partnership between the J Luce Foundation and the CMU which has seen the creation of the The Luce Leadership Centre at the CMU.
The two co-directors of the Luce Leadership Centre at the CMU – Romaine Wallace and Roberto Bennett – were also recognized for their work along with Dr. Abigail Pinnock who was among recipients of the 2018/2019 Luce Leadership awards.
The Centre has been developed to support the students on campus in Kingston, as well as for Young Global Leaders (YGLs) online around the world, with emphasis on Honor, Intelligence, Integrity, Benevolence, and Stewardship.
Professor Pinnock holds a Doctor of Philosophy in Sustainable Cruise Tourism from the University of the West, Mona Campus; an MSc. in International Shipping and Logistics from the University of Plymouth, United Kingdom, and a BSc. (Hons.) in Economics and Accounting (Management Studies) from the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus.
He is an International Maritime Consultant who has worked on numerous projects for a range of governments and international agencies and organizations.
Implications of the US Withdrawal from the INF Treaty: Is Arms Control Dead?
The February 1 announcement by United Sates’ Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, that the U.S. would suspend its compliance with its obligations under the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) because of Russian violations brought echoes of a similar announcement almost twelve years ago. On July 14, 2007, it was the Government of the Russian Federation that declared its intention to suspend its participation in the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE), citing violations by the U.S. and its NATO partners and their refusal to ratify the Adapted CFE. One month before, at an Extraordinary Conference on the CFE at the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna, Austria, the meeting place of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), then, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Alexander Grushko had warned the gathered diplomats that the CFE Treaty was growing increasingly out of step with military-political realities which threatened its demise. Six months later, Russia halted its compliance with the CFE, and, in 2015, permanently ceased participation in the landmark arms control agreement.
The fate of these two Treaties, which was preceded by U.S. withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Nuclear Treaty in 2002, does not bode well for the future of the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), signed in 2010, and which limits strategic nuclear weapons. Nor does it offer any optimism for the future of arms control in general. Rather, arms control seems to be on a precipitous trajectory that is being driven as much by geopolitical developments as technological advancements that have blurred the lines between conventional and nuclear weapons, threatening the start of a new arms race.
Signed during the waning years of the Cold War—the INF, in 1987 and the CFE, in 1990—the two Treaties have been referred to as the “Cornerstone of European Security”, reflecting the contributions of both instruments to security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic sphere. Both Treaties, in effect, limit military armaments on the European continent, thus, reducing the possibility of large-scale military conflicts. While the INF Treaty constrains the deployment of short and intermediate-range, nuclear and conventional ballistic and cruise missiles that are land-based,the CFE Treaty addresses conventional armed forces.
The INF Treaty was agreed upon in 1987 by then U.S. President Ronald Reagan and the then President of the former Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev. It prohibits the deployment of “land-based” missiles of 500 and 5,500 kilometres in Europe, (but not air and sea-based missiles) on the parts of the Russian Federation and the United States. Since coming into force, it has seen the reduction of 2,692 short and intermediate range ballistic missiles that are ground based. 
Signed between the former Warsaw Pact countries and members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), the original CFE Treaty came into force in 1990. The Treaty reduced conventional armed forces, both personnel and certain categories of military weapons on the European Continent. In effect, the Treaty and saw the destruction of more than 70,000 pieces of Treaty-limited equipment, eliminated excess war-making capacity in Europe, and established a military parity between the two blocks. By restricting the movement of arms and personnel in specific geographic locations, the CFE prevented destabilizing build ups that could lead to surprise, military attacks in Europe.
When Russia announced its withdrawal from the CFE in 2007, NATO’s membership had expanded from the sixteen that signed the original CFE to include several states from the former Soviet Block “East of Vienna”. In announcing its withdrawal from the CFE, Russia protested that: NATO member States had not ratified the Adapted-CFE(Russia had); the Baltic States, as new NATO members, had neither ratified the original CFE nor the Adapted-CFE, thus, NATO’s force ceilings exceeded the levels agreed under the CFE; and NATO’s refusal to ratify the Adapted-CFE until Russia withdrew its military presence from Georgia and Moldova represented an artificial linkage to the CFE. Russia also argued that the planned U.S. missile defense systems in Central Europe and an early warning radar for Southeastern Europe violated regional arms control norms and posed a threat to Russian security. The U.S. demurred, justifying the need for the missile defense capabilities in Europe on Iran’s advancement in developing ballistic missile capabilities.
In Russia’s present-day assessment, the increasing vulnerabilities engendered by NATO’s eastward expansion have devalued the security benefits of both the INF and the CFE given geopolitical and technological developments. Similarly, NATO’s decision to base missile defense components in Europe has been cited by Russia in its charges of Treaty violations with regards to both the CFE and the INF. While the U.S. and its NATO partners are numerically advantaged vis a vis Russia in the air and sea-based intermediate-range missiles, not barred by the INF, China, a key U.S. adversary, is not a party to the INF Treaty and has already amassed longer-range stockpiles of the missiles prohibited by the INF that have been judged to possess both nuclear and conventional capabilities. U.S. withdrawal from the INF, therefore, provides cover for Russia to scale up production and deployment of the 9M729 cruise missile, which the U.S believes to be capable of delivering both conventional and nuclear warheads and of traveling over the 500 kilometres limit set by the INF. Russia denies this is so.
Should the U.S. follow up on its withdrawal from the INF and place the treaty-prohibited weapons in Europe, Russia could reciprocate by installing such missiles at geographic proximities that would leave U.S. allies on the Continent more discomforted. Russia, could, for example use Kaliningrad, on NATO’s doorsteps, as one of its bases in response for the use of Polish territory for basing NATO missile defense components. With the Trump Administration showing no interest in further negotiations on confidence-building and verifications, and China unrestrained by the Treaty, arms control seems destined for expiration as Europe does little more than hand-wringing in response.
Arms Control Association, February 2, 2019
Arms Control Association, Issue Brief, Volume 11, Issue 4, February 1, 2019
Winsome Packer presently serves as Coordinator for Counter Terrorism and Nonproliferation Studies at the Caribbean Maritime University in Kingston, Jamaica.
Fresh on the heels of a recently announced partnership between the Caribbean Maritime University, CMU, and the Jamaica Olympic Association, JOA, to promote non-traditional sports in Jamaica, the CMU, will on Thursday February 28, 2019, host its inaugural Wine and Cheese Sports Awards.
The CMU Sports Awards ceremony, which begins at 6pm, will be an elegant affair hosted by Nigerian High Commissioner Her Excellency Janet Omoleegho Olisa and His Excellency Dada Olisa. An estimated 700 guests are expected to be in attendance including students, government officials, dignitaries and representatives of local media houses.
The highlight of the function will be the Professor Fritz Pinnock Award for the Most Outstanding Athlete. This will be awarded to an athlete who has demonstrated excellence both academically and in sports.
The Most Valuable Player of the Year will recognise athletes who have demonstrated exceptional individual performance, leadership by example, good attitude and sportsmanship qualities and the ability to make an instant impact when given an opportunity.
The Breakthrough Player of the Year award will recognise a player who has demonstrated significant improvement over the year in their sporting discipline including perseverance, dedication toward improving and working on their weaknesses and an excellent attitude towards their teammates and the overall action of play (match or training situation.
Director of Student Affairs at the CMU, Ms. Donnet Phillips explains that “the University will use the Wine and Cheese Sports Awards to bring recognition to our sporting teams and celebrate their achievements. Additionally, we are keen to provide our students with opportunities to experience how sports can be tied to professionalism and sophistication.”
For his part CMU President Professor Fritz Pinnock notes that for the CMU “promoting sports is strategic as the skills of the 21stcentury are not on the curriculum of universities. Therefore, the CMU is now positioning sports as part of the holistic development of an individual – teaching team building, developing cohesiveness, and networking.”
CMU officials point out that The Future of Jobs Report published by the World Economic Forum highlights that in 2020, five of the 10 top skills that are important in the workforce include complex problem solving, critical thinking, creativity, people management and coordinating with others. They argue that sporting activities embody these ideals.
In addition to celebrating and highlighting the achievements of student athletes who have excelled in their sporting disciplines at the Wine and Cheese Sports Awards Ceremony, the CMU will use the event to garner support and partnerships for the CMU’s sports programme, with the aim of enabling the teams to meet their goal of making the University one of the top sporting institutions in the region.
Tickets are still available at a discounted rate of $1000 for students and $4000 for others. Interested persons may call the Office of Student Affairs at the CMU through the switchboard at 876-924-8150.
Education, Youth and Information Minister Senator the Honourable Ruel Reid has said he is thrilled to learn of the latest partnership between the Caribbean Maritime University, CMU, and Kingston Wharves Limited, KWL.
Senator Reid was speaking on Wednesday at the launch of the Dr. Grantley Stephenson Professorial Chair in Logistics and Port Management at the CMU.
The launch took place at the Corporate Offices of KWL in Kingston.
Commenting on the initiative Senator Reid asserted that “as Jamaica positions itself to become a major logistics and transshipment hub to increase the volume of business that passes through our ports annually, the latest tripartite collaboration between KWL, the Caribbean Maritime University and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information is a major step towards achieving this goal.”
He added that “investment in infrastructure is critical and equally so is the investment in capacity building and training persons at all levels of the industry. I am therefore thrilled to learn of this latest initiative by KWL to strengthen the existing relationship between the Caribbean Maritime University and Kingston Wharves Limited.”
The Chair will be held jointly by CMU President Professor Fritz Pinnock and CMU Deputy President, Professor Ibrahim Ajagunna – two of the foremost researchers in Logistics and Port Management in the region.
In addition to conducting research projects, Professors Pinnock and Ajagunna will lend their considerable expertise to providing strategic and leadership support for the KWL during the engagement which is scheduled to last from May 2018 to April 2021 and is open to being renewed.
A new Professorial Chair has been launched at the Caribbean Maritime University, CMU, in partnership with Kingston Wharves Limited, KWL.
The Dr. Grantley Stephenson Professorial Chair in Logistics and Port Management was launched at a ceremony at KWL Wednesday afternoon.
Dr. Stephenson is the Chief Executive Officer of KWL – a key partner of the CMU.
The Chair will be held jointly by two of the foremost researchers in Logistics and Port Management in the region – CMU President Professor Fritz Pinnock and CMU Deputy President, Professor Ibrahim Ajagunna.
Commenting on the rationale behind the launch of the Professorial Chair, the KWL CEO said “Kingston Wharves is pleased to partner with the CMU on this very important undertaking. This step is in keeping with our pioneering role and deep interest in Jamaica fulfilling its potential as a logistics destination and leading in the growth of the industry regionally. ”
He added, “we firmly believe that any moves we make to develop Jamaica as a logistics hub, must be underpinned and guided by research and empirical data that will inform how we build.”
Dr. Stephenson also praised the CMU and Professor Pinnock in particular for working to deepen understanding and helping to drive exploration of the wealth of opportunities in the sector.
For his part, Professor Pinnock observed that “Logistics and Port Management represent critical aspects not just of the Jamaican economy, but indeed the regional economy and the CMU is impressed by the bold step taken by KWL, under the leadership of Dr. Stephenson, to support research in this area,”
In addition to conducting research projects, Professors Pinnock and Ajagunna will lend their considerable expertise to providing strategic and leadership support for the KWL during the engagement which is scheduled to last from May 2018 to April 2021 and is open to being renewed.
Professors Pinnock and Ajagunna have written and published over 75 industry-related peer reviews and international journal articles in multiple languages including French, Spanish, German and Chinese.